Seismic Anisotropy From 6C Ground Motions of Ambient Seismic Noise


We propose a new approach capable of measuring local seismic anisotropy from 6C (three‐component translation and three‐component rotation) amplitude observations of ambient seismic noise data. Our recent theory demonstrates that the amplitude ratio of 6C cross‐correlation functions (CCFs) enables retrieving the local phase velocity. This differs from conventional velocity extraction methods based on the travel time. Its local sensitivity kernel beneath the 6C seismometer allows us to study anisotropy from azimuth‐dependent CCFs, avoiding path effects. Such point measurements have great potential in planetary exploration, ocean bottom observations, or volcanology. We apply this approach to a small seismic array at Pin˜ $\widetilde{n}$on Flat Observatory (PFO) in southern California, array‐deriving retrieves rotational ground motions from microseismic noise data. The stress‐induced anisotropy is well resolved and compatible with other tomography results, providing constraints on the origin of depth‐dependent seismic anisotropy.

Further Information
  author = {Tang, Le and Igel, Heiner and Montagner, Jean-Paul and Vernon, Frank},
  doi = {10.1029/2024JB028959},
  journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth},
  language = {en},
  number = {6},
  title = {Seismic Anisotropy From 6C Ground Motions of Ambient Seismic Noise},
  url = {},
  volume = {129},
  year = {2024},
%O Journal Article
%A Tang, Le
%A Igel, Heiner
%A Montagner, Jean‐Paul
%A Vernon, Frank
%R 10.1029/2024JB028959
%J Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
%G en
%N 6
%T Seismic Anisotropy From 6C Ground Motions of Ambient Seismic Noise
%V 129
%D 2024