Geodynamic data assimilation: Techniques and observables to construct and constrain timedependent Earth models
 Abstract
Variational data assimilation through the adjoint method is a powerful emerging technique in geodynamics. It allows one to retrodict past states of the Earth’s mantle as optimal flow histories relative to the current state, so that poorly known mantle flow parameters such as rheology and composition can be tested explicitly against observations gleaned from the geologic record. By yielding testable time dependent Earth models, the technique links observations from seismology, geology, mineral physics, and paleomagnetism in a dynamically consistent way, greatly enhancing our understanding of the solid Earth system. It motivates three research fronts. The first is computational, because the iterative nature of the technique combined with the need of Earth models for high spatial and temporal resolution classifies the task as a grand challenge problem at the level of exascale computing. The second is seismological, because the seismic mantle state estimate provides key input information for retrodictions, but entails substantial uncertainties. This calls for efforts to construct 3D reference and collaborative seismic models, and to account for seismic data uncertainties. The third is geological, because retrodictions necessarily use simplified Earth models and noisy input data. Synthetic tests show that retrodictions always reduce the final state misfit, regardless of model and data error. So the quality of any retrodiction must be assessed by geological constraints on past mantle flow. Horizontal surface velocities are an input rather than an output of the retrodiction problem; but viable retrodiction tests can be linked to estimates of vertical lithosphere motion induced by mantle convective stresses.
 Further Information
 https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/applicationsofdataassimilationandinverseproblemsintheearthsciences/geodynamicdataassimilationtechniquesandobservablestoconstructandconstraintimedependentearthmodels/AD8FE907A74378CCF655FED66C9000FB
 BibTeX

@incollection{id2896, address = {Cambridge}, author = {Bunge, HansPeter and Horbach, Andre and Colli, Lorenzo and Ghelichkhan, Siavash and Vilac{\'\i}s, Berta and Hayek, Jorge N.}, booktitle = {Applications of Data Assimilation and Inverse Problems in the Earth Sciences}, chapter = {20}, doi = {10.1017/9781009180412.021}, editor = {IsmailZadeh, Alik and Castelli, Fabio and Jones, Dylan and Sanchez, Sabrina}, language = {en}, note = {Special Publications of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics}, pages = {311{\textendash}325}, publisher = {Cambridge University Press}, series = {Special Publications of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics}, title = {Geodynamic data assimilation: Techniques and observables to construct and constrain timedependent Earth models}, url = {https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/applicationsofdataassimilationandinverseproblemsintheearthsciences/geodynamicdataassimilationtechniquesandobservablestoconstructandconstraintimedependentearthmodels/AD8FE907A74378CCF655FED66C9000FB}, year = {2023}, }
 EndNote

%O Book Section %C Cambridge %A Bunge, HansPeter %A Horbach, Andre %A Colli, Lorenzo %A Ghelichkhan, Siavash %A Vilacís, Berta %A Hayek, Jorge N. %B Applications of Data Assimilation and Inverse Problems in the Earth Sciences %& 20 %R 10.1017/9781009180412.021 %E IsmailZadeh, Alik %E Castelli, Fabio %E Jones, Dylan %E Sanchez, Sabrina %G en %O Special Publications of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics %P 311–325 %I Cambridge University Press %S Special Publications of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics %T Geodynamic data assimilation: Techniques and observables to construct and constrain timedependent Earth models %U https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/applicationsofdataassimilationandinverseproblemsintheearthsciences/geodynamicdataassimilationtechniquesandobservablestoconstructandconstraintimedependentearthmodels/AD8FE907A74378CCF655FED66C9000FB %D 2023