P-wave tomography of Northeast Asia: Constraints on the western Pacific plate subduction and mantle dynamics

Abstract

A high-resolution model of 3-D P-wave velocity structure beneath Northeast Asia and adjacent regions is determined by using 244,180 arrival times of 14,163 local and regional earthquakes and 319,857 relative travel-time residuals of 9988 teleseismic events recorded at ∼2100 seismic stations in the study region. Our tomographic results reveal the subducting Pacific slab clearly as a prominent high-velocity anomaly from the Japan Trench to the North-South Gravity lineament (NSGL) in East China. The NSGL is roughly coincident with the western edge of the stagnant Pacific slab in the mantle transition zone (MTZ). The subducting Pacific slab has partly sunk into the lower mantle beneath Northeast China, but under the Sino-Korean Craton the slab lies horizontally in the MTZ. The NSGL, as an important tectonic line in Mainland China, is marked by sharp differences in the surface topography, gravity anomaly, crustal and lithospheric thickness and mantle seismic velocity from the east to the west. These features of the NSGL and large-scale hot and wet upwelling in the big mantle wedge (BMW) in the east of the NSGL are all related to the subduction processes of the Western Pacific plate. The Changbai intraplate volcanic group is underlain by a striking low-velocity anomaly from the upper MTZ and the BMW up to the surface, and deep earthquakes (410–650 km depths) occur actively in the subducting Pacific slab to the east of the Changbai volcano. We propose that the Changbai volcanic group is caused by upwelling of hot and wet asthenospheric materials and active convection in the BMW. The formation of other volcanic groups in the east of the NSGL is also associated with the subduction-driven corner flow in the BMW.

BibTeX
@article{id2408,
  author = {Ma, Jincheng and Tian, You and Liu, Cai and Zhao, Dapeng and Feng, Xuan and Zhu, Hongxiang},
  doi = {10.1016/j.pepi.2017.11.003},
  journal = {Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors},
  language = {en},
  pages = {105-126},
  title = {P-wave tomography of Northeast Asia: Constraints on the western Pacific plate subduction and mantle dynamics},
  volume = {274},
  year = {2018},
}
EndNote
%O Journal Article
%A Ma, Jincheng
%A Tian, You
%A Liu, Cai
%A Zhao, Dapeng
%A Feng, Xuan
%A Zhu, Hongxiang
%R 10.1016/j.pepi.2017.11.003
%J Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
%G en
%P 105-126
%T P-wave tomography of Northeast Asia: Constraints on the western Pacific plate subduction and mantle dynamics
%V 274
%D 2018