Fundamentals of Nonrelativistic Collisionless Shock Physics: V. Acceleration of Charged Particles
 Abstract
A comprehensive review is given of the various processes proposed for accelerating particles by shocks to high energies. These energies are limited by several bounds: the nonrelativistic nature of the heliospheric collisionless shocks to which this review restricts, the finite size of these shocks, the finite width of the downstream region, and to the nature of turbulence. In general, collisionless shocks in the heliosphere cannot accelerate particles to very high energies. As a fundamental problem of the acceleration mechanism the injection of see particles is identified. Some mecchanisms for production of seed particles are invoked. Acceleration of electrons begins to uncover its nature. The following problems are covered in this chapter: 1. Introduction  first and second order Fermi acceleration, 2. Accelerating ions when they are already fast, diffusive acceleration, convection diffusion equation, Lee's selfconsistent quasilinear shock acceleration model, 3. Observations, 4. The injection problem, ion surfing, test particle simulations, selfconsistent shock acceleration simulations, downstream leakage, trapped particle acceleration, 5. Accelerating electrons, SonnerupWu mechanism, Hoshino's electron shock surfing on quasiperpendicular shocks, quasiparallel shock surfing.
 Further Information
 http://de.arxiv.org/abs/0806.4046
 BibTeX

@article{id1316, author = {Treumann, R. A. and Jaroschek, C. H.}, journal = {ARXIV [astroph]}, language = {en}, pages = {124}, title = {Fundamentals of Nonrelativistic Collisionless Shock Physics: V. Acceleration of Charged Particles}, url = {http://de.arxiv.org/abs/0806.4046}, volume = {0806.4046}, year = {2008}, }
 EndNote

%O Journal Article %A Treumann, R. A. %A Jaroschek, C. H. %J ARXIV [astroph] %G en %P 124 %T Fundamentals of Nonrelativistic Collisionless Shock Physics: V. Acceleration of Charged Particles %U http://de.arxiv.org/abs/0806.4046 %V 0806.4046 %D 2008