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Correcting wavefield gradients for the effects of local small-scale heterogeneities

Singh, Sneha, Yann Capdeville, and Heiner Igel (2019), Correcting wavefield gradients for the effects of local small-scale heterogeneities, Geophysical Journal International, 220(2), 996-1011, doi:10.1093/gji/ggz479.

Abstract
Local small-scale heterogeneities, like geological inhomogeneities, surface topographies and cavities are known to affect seismic wavefield gradients. This effect is in fact measurable with current instruments. For example, the agreement between data and synthetics computed in a tomographic model is often not as good for rotation as it is for displacement. Here, we use the theory of homogenization to explain why small-scale heterogeneities strongly affect wavefield gradients, but not the wavefield itself. We show that at any receiver measuring wavefield gradient, small-scale heterogeneities cause the wavefield gradient to couple with strain through a coupling tensor J. Furthermore, we show that this J is (1) independent of source, (2) independent of time, but (3) only dependent on the receiver location. Consequently, we can invert for J based on an effective model for which synthetics fit displacement data reasonably well. Once inverted, J can be used to correct rotations at that receiver for other sources. Results of the correction are shown for synthetic rotational receivers and for the ring laser located in Wettzell, Germany. We find that compared to synthetics, the synthetics corrected through J are a better fit to the rotation data. Although results here are derived for rotations, they can be extended to receivers measuring any wavefield gradient.
Further information
BibTeX
@article{id2691,
  author = {Sneha Singh and Yann Capdeville and Heiner Igel},
  journal = {Geophysical Journal International},
  number = {2},
  pages = {996-1011},
  title = {{Correcting wavefield gradients for the effects of local small-scale heterogeneities}},
  volume = {220},
  year = {2019},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggz479},
  doi = {10.1093/gji/ggz479},
}
EndNote
%0 Journal Article
%A Singh, Sneha
%A Capdeville, Yann
%A Igel, Heiner
%D 2019
%N 2
%V 220
%J Geophysical Journal International
%P 996-1011
%T Correcting wavefield gradients for the effects of local small-scale heterogeneities
%U https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggz479
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Printed 27. Nov 2021 10:05