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Orogenic structure of the Eastern Alps, Europe, from TRANSALP deep seismic reflection profiling

Lüschen, E., B. Lammerer, H. Gebrande, K. Millahn, and TRANSALP Working Group (2004), Orogenic structure of the Eastern Alps, Europe, from TRANSALP deep seismic reflection profiling, Tectonophys., 388(1-4), 85-102.

Abstract
The TRANSALP Group, comprising of partner institutions from Italy, Austria and Germany, acquired data on a 340 kin long deep seismic reflection line crossing the Eastern Alps between Munich and Venice. Although the field work was split into four campaigns, between fall 1998 and summer 2001, the project gathered for the first time a continuous profile across the Alps using consistent field acquisition and data processing parameters. These sections span the orogen itself, at its broadest width, as well as the two adjacent basins. Vibroseis and explosion data, complementary in their depth penetration and resolution characteristics, were obtained along with wide-angle and teleseismic data. The profile shows a bi-vergent asymmetric structure of the crust beneath the Alpine axis which reaches a maximum thickness of 55 kin, and 80-100 kin long transcrustal ramps, the southward dipping 'Sub-Tauern-Ramp' and the northward-dipping 'Sub-Dolomites-Ramp'. Strongly reflective patterns of these ramps can be traced towards the north to the Inn Valley and towards the south to the Valsugana thrust belt, both of which show enhanced seismicity in the brittle upper crust. The seismic sections do not reveal any direct evidence for the presence of the Periadriatic Fault system, the presumed equivalent to the Insubric Line in the Western Alps. According to our new evolutionary model, the Sub-Tauern-Ramp is linked at depth with remnants of the subducted Penninic Ocean. The 'crocodile'-type model describes an upper/lower crustal decoupling and wedging of both the European and the Adriatic-African continents.
BibTeX
@article{id188,
  author = {E. L{\"u}schen and B. Lammerer and H. Gebrande and K. Millahn and TRANSALP Working Group},
  journal = {Tectonophys.},
  number = {1-4},
  pages = {85-102},
  title = {{Orogenic structure of the Eastern Alps, Europe, from TRANSALP deep seismic reflection profiling}},
  volume = {388},
  year = {2004},
  language = {en},
}
EndNote
%0 Journal Article
%A Lüschen, E.
%A Lammerer, B.
%A Gebrande, H.
%A Millahn, K.
%A Working Group, TRANSALP
%D 2004
%N 1-4
%V 388
%J Tectonophys.
%P 85-102
%T Orogenic structure of the Eastern Alps, Europe, from TRANSALP deep seismic reflection profiling
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