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P-SV wave propagation in the Earth's mantle using finite differences: Application to heterogeneous lowermost mantle structure

Igel, H., and M. Weber (1996), P-SV wave propagation in the Earth's mantle using finite differences: Application to heterogeneous lowermost mantle structure, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 415-418.

Abstract
We solve the elastic wave equation in spherical coordinates {r, rho, theta} by a high-order finite-difference (FD) scheme. The Earth model and the required fields are defined on a staggered grid, independent in cp, and thus rotationally symmetric with respect to the axis theta = 0, pi. This scheme allows us to model P-SV wave propagation in a heterogeneous two-dimensional Earth model. Since a uniform grid spacing in r and theta is used, the maximum depth and epicentral distance that can be modeled is limited. Comparison with seismograms obtained by the Reflectivity Method (RM), and the Direct Solution Method (DSM), demonstrates the accuracy of the FD scheme. We use this algorithm to study the effects of heterogeneities in the core-mantle transition zone, the D'' layer, on long-period P-waves. Longwavelength topography of a reflector in D'' produces significant focusing and defocusing. Random fluctuations (maximum perturbation +/-10%) in a D'' layer of 300 km thickness produce a wave-field similar to that of a sharp discontinuity only 200 km above the core-mantle boundary (CRIB) at the dominant period considered (15 seconds). Maps of global variations of D'' thickness determined with long-period data may therefore be severely biased.
BibTeX
@article{id326,
  author = {H. Igel and M. Weber},
  journal = {Geophys. Res. Lett.},
  pages = {415-418},
  title = {{P-SV wave propagation in the Earth's mantle using finite differences: Application to heterogeneous lowermost mantle structure}},
  volume = {23},
  year = {1996},
  language = {en},
}
EndNote
%0 Journal Article
%A Igel, H.
%A Weber, M.
%D 1996
%V 23
%J Geophys. Res. Lett.
%P 415-418
%T P-SV wave propagation in the Earth's mantle using finite differences: Application to heterogeneous lowermost mantle structure
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Printed 06. Dec 2019 11:10