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Seismicity and Stress Field in the Vicinity of the KTB Location

Dahlheim, H. A., H. Gebrande, E. Schmedes, and H. Soffel (1997), Seismicity and Stress Field in the Vicinity of the KTB Location, J. Geophys. Res., 102(18), 493-506.

A local, broadband, seismic network of four observatory-quality stations (KTB-NET) was operated during the drilling of the KTB hole, within the framework of the interdisciplinary German Continental Deep Drilling Program (KTB). The aim was to investigate the seismic activity with regard to the tectonic stress field and to compare it with data from in situ measurements in the 9.1-km deep borehole sections (bottom temperature of 260 degrees C and heat flow of 82-85 mW/m(2)). From October 1990 to November 1995, over 80 local microearthquakes with magnitudes from 0.2 to 2.8 ML were recorded: eight small events by the KTB-NET only and four earthquake swarms with 73 events by the KTB-NET and stations of the Vogtland/Western Bohemia networks. Six of the small events are located within or close to the KTB-NET. The swarm events occurred at the southwestern extension of the Ohre rift, in an area 20 km north of the drill site, which is revealed to be part of the Vogtland/Western Bohemia seismotectonic unit, characterized by swarm activity. The hypocenters are limited to the upper 13 km of the crust, with a distinct concentration between 10 and 12 km. All types of fault plane solutions are found, but at depths greater than 8 km, reversed faulting mechanisms predominate. P axes are very uniformly oriented in a NNW-SSE direction, corresponding to the well-known regional stress orientation in central Europe and in agreement with the special in situ stress measurements of the KTB program. The focal mechanism of a ML=1.2 event induced by a fluid injection experiment fits into the results obtained from the natural events. Possible indications for the brittle-ductile transition are discussed in view of the observed earthquake depth and focal mechanism distributions.
  author = {H. A. Dahlheim and H. Gebrande and E. Schmedes and H. Soffel},
  journal = {J. Geophys. Res.},
  number = {18},
  pages = {493-506},
  title = {{Seismicity and Stress Field in the Vicinity of the KTB Location}},
  volume = {102},
  year = {1997},
  language = {en},
%0 Journal Article
%A Dahlheim, H. A.
%A Gebrande, H.
%A Schmedes, E.
%A Soffel, H.
%D 1997
%N 18
%V 102
%J J. Geophys. Res.
%P 493-506
%T Seismicity and Stress Field in the Vicinity of the KTB Location
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