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Late Miocene Pacific plate kinematic change explained with coupled global models of mantle and lithosphere dynamics

Stotz, I. L., G. Iaffaldano, and D. R. Davies (2017), Late Miocene Pacific plate kinematic change explained with coupled global models of mantle and lithosphere dynamics, Geophysical Research Letters, 44(14), 7177-7186, doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL073920.

Abstract
Abstract The timing and magnitude of a Pacific plate motion change within the past 10 Ma remains enigmatic, due to the noise associated with finite-rotation data. Nonetheless, it has been hypothesized that this change was driven by the arrival of the Ontong Java Plateau (OJP) at the Melanesian arc and the consequent subduction polarity reversal. The uncertainties associated with the timing of this event, however, make it difficult to quantitatively demonstrate a dynamical association. Here, we first reconstruct the Pacific plate’s absolute motion since the mid-Miocene (15 Ma), at high-temporal resolution, building on previous efforts to mitigate the impact of finite-rotation data noise. We find that the largest change in Pacific plate-motion direction occurred between 10 and 5 Ma, with the plate rotating clockwise. We subsequently develop and use coupled global numerical models of the mantle/lithosphere system to test hypotheses on the dynamics driving this change. These indicate that the arrival of the OJP at the Melanesian arc, between 10 and 5 Ma, followed by a subduction polarity reversal that marked the initiation of subduction of the Australian plate underneath the Pacific realm, were the key drivers of this kinematic change.
Further information
BibTeX
@article{id2649,
  author = {I. L. Stotz and G. Iaffaldano and D. R. Davies},
  journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
  number = {14},
  pages = {7177-7186},
  title = {{Late Miocene Pacific plate kinematic change explained with coupled global models of mantle and lithosphere dynamics}},
  volume = {44},
  year = {2017},
  url = {https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/2017GL073920},
  doi = {https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL073920},
}
EndNote
%0 Journal Article
%A Stotz, I. L.
%A Iaffaldano, G.
%A Davies, D. R.
%D 2017
%N 14
%V 44
%J Geophysical Research Letters
%P 7177-7186
%T Late Miocene Pacific plate kinematic change explained with coupled global models of mantle and lithosphere dynamics
%U https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/2017GL073920
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Printed 02. Dec 2021 16:19