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Restoring past mantle convection structure through fluid dynamic inverse theory: regularisation through surface velocity boundary conditions

Vynnytska, Lyudmyla, and Hans-Peter Bunge (2015), Restoring past mantle convection structure through fluid dynamic inverse theory: regularisation through surface velocity boundary conditions, GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics, 6(1), 83-100, doi:10.1007/s13137-014-0060-6, published online 30 May 2014.

Abstract
Mantle convection is governed by coupled, non-linear conservation equations for mass, momentum and energy. In the forward problem the equations relate an initial to a final state of the convective system, while one can pose an inverse problem to restore earlier structure from a final state. Although the ability to restore earlier mantle structure is essential in geodynamics, allowing one to test uncertain
parameters of mantle convection models against constraints derived from the geologic record, the
convergence properties of the inverse problem are not well understood. Here we show
that knowledge of the surface velocity field over the restoration period is crucial
for the convergence rate of the restoration problem. With simple mantle convection models,
and assuming for reference a given initial and final state, we explore the
restoration problem in cases where knowledge of the surface velocity field over the restoration
period is available relative to those where it is not. We find convergence of the
inverse problem for time periods of 1/3 of a transit time and corresponding to about 50 mil-
lion years in the Earth's mantle, if the surface velocity field is known, while it
diverges otherwise. For the Earth's mantle the history of the surface velocity field is known
for time periods of 1/2 transit times from reconstructions of past plate motion. Our
results suggest that this constraint is of key importance in any attempt to restore
past mantle structure.
Further information
BibTeX
@article{id2014,
  author = {Lyudmyla Vynnytska and Hans-Peter Bunge},
  journal = {GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics},
  note = {published online 30 May 2014},
  number = {1},
  pages = {83-100},
  title = {{Restoring past mantle convection structure through fluid dynamic inverse theory: regularisation through surface velocity boundary conditions}},
  volume = {6},
  year = {2015},
  url = {http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13137-014-0060-6},
  doi = {10.1007/s13137-014-0060-6},
}
EndNote
%0 Journal Article
%A Vynnytska, Lyudmyla
%A Bunge, Hans-Peter
%D 2015
%N 1
%V 6
%J GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics
%P 83-100
%Z published online 30 May 2014
%T Restoring past mantle convection structure through fluid dynamic inverse theory: regularisation through surface velocity boundary conditions
%U http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13137-014-0060-6
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Printed 25. Aug 2019 09:07