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Magnetite crystal orientation in magnetosome chains

Körnig, A., M. Winklhofer, J. Baumgartner, T. Perez Gonzalez, P. Fratzl, and D. Faivre (2014), Magnetite crystal orientation in magnetosome chains, Adv. Funct. Mater., 24, 3926-3932, doi:10.1002/adfm.201303737.

Abstract
One-dimensional magnetic nanostructures have magnetic properties superior to non-organized materials due to strong uniaxial shape anisotropy. Magnetosome chains in magnetotactic bacteria represent a biological paradigm of such magnet, where magnetite crystals synthesized in organelles called magnetosomes are arranged into linear chains. Two-dimensional synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD) is applied to cells of magnetotactic bacteria that are pre-aligned with a magnetic field to determine the crystallographic orientation of magnetosomes relative to the chain axis. The obtained pole figure patterns reveal a [111] fiber texture along the chain direction for magnetospirilla strains MSR-1 and AMB-1, whereas a [100] fiber texture is measured for Desulfovibrio magneticus strain RS-1. The [100] axis appears energetically unfavorable because it represents a magnetic hard axis in magnetite, but can be turned into an effective easy axis by particle elongation along [100] for aspect ratios higher than 1.25, consistent with aspect ratios in RS-1 magnetosomes determined earlier. The pronounced fiber textures can be explained either by a strain-specific biological control on crystal orientation at the chain level or by physical alignment effects due to intra-chain magnetic interactions. In this case, biological control of the axis of elongation would be sufficient to influence the crystallographic texture of the magnetosome chain.
Further information
BibTeX
@article{id1964,
  author = {A. K{\"o}rnig and M. Winklhofer and J.  Baumgartner and T. Perez Gonzalez and P. Fratzl and D. Faivre},
  journal = {Adv. Funct. Mater.},
  month = {mar},
  pages = {3926-3932},
  title = {{Magnetite crystal orientation in magnetosome chains}},
  volume = {24},
  year = {2014},
  url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adfm.201303737/abstract},
  doi = {10.1002/adfm.201303737},
}
EndNote
%0 Journal Article
%A Körnig, A.
%A Winklhofer, M.
%A Baumgartner, J. 
%A Perez Gonzalez, T.
%A Fratzl, P.
%A Faivre, D.
%D 2014
%V 24
%J Adv. Funct. Mater.
%P 3926-3932
%T Magnetite crystal orientation in magnetosome chains
%U http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adfm.201303737/abstract
%8 mar
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