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Counterclockwise Block Rotation linked to Southward Propagation and Overlap of Sub aerial Red Sea Rift segments, Afar Depression: Insight From Paleomagnetism

Muluneh, A. A, T. Kidane, J. Rowland, and V. Bachtadse (2013), Counterclockwise Block Rotation linked to Southward Propagation and Overlap of Sub aerial Red Sea Rift segments, Afar Depression: Insight From Paleomagnetism, Tectonophysics, 593, 111-120, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2013.02.030.

Abstract
Thirty-four cooling units from the Pleistocene extrusive volcanic rocks exposed in regions bordered by the active Red Sea magmatic segments, in the northwestern central Afar Depression, were sampled for paleomagnetic study. Six to 12 samples were collected from each paleomagnetic site. Samples were demagnetized using Alternating Field (AF) and Thermal (TH) demagnetization techniques. The samples were then measured using the JR–6A spinner magnetometer available at the department of Earth Sciences of Addis Ababa University. The Natural Remanent Magnetization (NRM) direction reveals mostly one or two simple and straightforward components of magnetizations; the first, low-stability component is isolated by heating to 100 °C–300 °C or by AF of 10–30 mT. The magnetization directions after these steps generally define straight lines that are directed towards the origin, and interpreted as primary NRM or ChRM (Characteristic Remanent Magnetization) and the direction of magnetization was determined. Results of the magnetization decay curve plots and rock magnetic analyses using a Variable Field Translation Balance (VFTB) indicate that magnetic mineralogy is dominated by Ti-poor titano-magnetite with magnetic grain sizes in the pseudo-single domain (PSD) range, with minor presence of goethite and maghemite in a few cases. An overall mean direction calculated for the 26 sites located within the overlap zone is obtained (D = 354.4°, I = 13.2°, N = 26, K = 43.5, α95 = 4.3°), and compared to the expected Geomagnetic Axial Dipole (GAD) field, based on the Apparent Polar Wander Path (APWP) Curve of the African plate ( and ), a difference in declination ΔD = − 6.5° ± 4.0° is obtained. This declination difference is interpreted as counterclockwise rotation about a vertical axis, in agreement with rift propagation and right stepping overlap geometry of the Alayta–Dabbahu magmatic segments. The difference in inclination ΔI = 7.8° ± 3.9° is believed to be related to the long-standing non-dipole field in Afar ( and ).
BibTeX
@article{id1863,
  author = {A. A Muluneh and T. Kidane and J. Rowland and V. Bachtadse},
  journal = {Tectonophysics},
  pages = {111-120},
  title = {{Counterclockwise Block Rotation linked to Southward Propagation and Overlap of Sub aerial Red Sea Rift segments, Afar Depression: Insight From Paleomagnetism}},
  volume = {593},
  year = {2013},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2013.02.030},
}
EndNote
%0 Journal Article
%A Muluneh, A. A
%A Kidane, T.
%A Rowland, J.
%A Bachtadse, V.
%D 2013
%V 593
%J Tectonophysics
%P 111-120
%T Counterclockwise Block Rotation linked to Southward Propagation and Overlap of Sub aerial Red Sea Rift segments, Afar Depression: Insight From Paleomagnetism
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Printed 06. Dec 2019 11:08