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Crustal structure of the Eastern Alps along the TRANSALP profile from wide-angle seismic tomography

Bleibinhaus, F., and H. Gebrande (2006), Crustal structure of the Eastern Alps along the TRANSALP profile from wide-angle seismic tomography, Tectonophysics, 414(1-4), 51-69, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2005.10.028.

Abstract
The objective of the TRANSALP project is an investigation of the Eastern Alps with regard to their deep structure and dynamic evolution. The core of the project is a 340-km-long seismic profile at 12 degrees E between Munich and Venice. This paper deals with the P-wave velocity distribution as derived from active source travel time tomography. Our database consists of Vibroseis and explosion seismic travel times recorded at up to 100 seismological stations distributed in a 30-km-wide corridor along the profile. In order to derive a velocity and reflector model, we simultaneously inverted refractions and reflections using a derivative of a damped least squares approach for local earthquake tomography. 8000 travel time picks from dense Vibroseis recordings provide the basis for high resolution in the upper crust. Explosion seismic wide-angle reflection travel times constrain both deeper crustal velocities and structure of the crust-mantle boundary with low resolution. In the resulting model, the Adriatic crust shows significantly higher P-wave velocities than the European crust. The European Moho is dipping south at an angle of 7 degrees. The Adriatic Moho dips north with a gentle inclination at shallower depths. This geometry suggests S-directed subduction. Azimuthal variations of the first-break velocities as well as observations of shear wave splitting reveal strong anisotropy in the Tauern Window. We explain this finding by foliations and laminations generated by lateral extrusion. Based on the P-wave model we also localized almost 100 local earthquakes recorded during the 2-month acquisition campaign in 1999. Seismicity patterns in the North seem related to the Inn valley shear zone, and to thrusting of Austroalpine units over European basement. The alignment of deep seismicity in the Trento-Vicenza region with the top of the Adriatic lower crust corroborates the suggestion of a deep thrust fault in the Southern Alps.
BibTeX
@article{id186,
  author = {F. Bleibinhaus and H. Gebrande},
  journal = {Tectonophysics},
  number = {1-4},
  pages = {51-69},
  title = {{Crustal structure of the Eastern Alps along the TRANSALP profile from wide-angle seismic tomography}},
  volume = {414},
  year = {2006},
  language = {en},
  doi = {10.1016/j.tecto.2005.10.028},
}
EndNote
%0 Journal Article
%A Bleibinhaus, F. 
%A Gebrande, H.
%D 2006
%N 1-4
%V 414
%J Tectonophysics
%P 51-69
%T Crustal structure of the Eastern Alps along the TRANSALP profile from wide-angle seismic tomography
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