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Rock magnetic properties of uncultured magnetotactic bacteria

Pan, Y. X., N. Petersen, M. Winklhofer, A. F. Davila, Q. S. Liu, T. Frederichs, M. Hanzlik, and R. X. Zhu (2005), Rock magnetic properties of uncultured magnetotactic bacteria, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 237(3-4), 311-325, doi:doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2005.06.029, Also highlighted in Virtual Journal of Geobiology, Volume 4, Issue 9-10, September - October 2005, http://earth.elsevier.com/geobiology/.

Abstract
Understanding the magnetic properties of magnetite crystals (Fe3O4) produced by magnetotactic bacteria (MTBs) is of fundamental interest in fields of geosciences, biomineralization, fine particle magnetism, and planetary sciences. The database of bulk magnetic measurements on MTBs is, however, still too sparse to allow for generalizations due to difficulties in obtaining bacteria cells in sufficient quantities from natural environments, and the fact that only a few cultivable strains are available. Here we report the first series of magnetic measurements on two air-dried samples containing solely MTBs (wild-type cocci and Magnetobacterium bavaricum), which were directly isolated from carbonaceous lake sediments. Systematic rock magnetic studies show that: 1) the magnetosomes in cells are dominated by single-domain (SD) magnetite; 2) the samples have delta ratios delta(FC)/delta(ZFC) higher than 2; 3) the measured low-temperature rematience cycling curves as well as the first-order-reversalcurve (FORC) diagrams are significantly different to those measured on synthetic SD-magnetite samples; and 4) the Verwey transition temperature (T-v,similar to 100 K) of MTB cells is distinctly lower than that from stoichiometric magnetite (T-v,120-125 K). Our results provide new insights on the magnetic properties of bacterial magnetite and advance the use of magnetic proxies for decoding the paleomagnetic signals of sediments containing bacterial magnetite.
BibTeX
@article{id125,
  author = {Y. X. Pan and N. Petersen and M. Winklhofer and A. F. Davila and Q. S. Liu and T. Frederichs and M. Hanzlik and R. X. Zhu},
  journal = {Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.},
  month = {sep},
  note = {Also highlighted in Virtual Journal of Geobiology, Volume 4, Issue 9-10, September - October 2005, http://earth.elsevier.com/geobiology/},
  number = {3-4},
  pages = {311-325},
  title = {{Rock magnetic properties of uncultured magnetotactic bacteria}},
  volume = {237},
  year = {2005},
  language = {en},
  doi = {doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2005.06.029},
}
EndNote
%0 Journal Article
%A Pan, Y. X.
%A Petersen, N.
%A Winklhofer, M.
%A Davila, A. F.
%A Liu, Q. S.
%A Frederichs, T.
%A Hanzlik, M.
%A Zhu, R. X.
%D 2005
%N 3-4
%V 237
%J Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.
%P 311-325
%Z Also highlighted in Virtual Journal of Geobiology, Volume 4, Issue 9-10, September - October 2005, http://earth.elsevier.com/geobiology/
%T Rock magnetic properties of uncultured magnetotactic bacteria
%8 sep
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Printed 06. Dec 2019 01:32