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Late Carboniferous remagnetisation of Palaeozoic rocks in the NE Rhenish Massif, Germany

Zwing, A., V. Bachtadse, and H. C. Soffel (2002), Late Carboniferous remagnetisation of Palaeozoic rocks in the NE Rhenish Massif, Germany, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 27(25-31), 1179-1188.

During stepwise thermal and alternating field demagnetisation experiments on Devonian and Lower Carboniferous carbonate and clastic rocks from the north-eastern part of the Rhenish Massif, Germany, three components of magnetisation (A, B, C) are identified. Component A is a recent viscous overprint that parallels the local present day geomagnetic field. Component B is mainly observed from 260 up to 550 degreesC during thermal demagnetisation and is carried by magnetite. In two localities, where red siltstones and red carbonate rocks were sampled, component B is stable up to 670 degreesC, indicating the presence of hematite. Three clusters of in situ B directions can be identified, which are controlled by the tectonic position of the sampling areas. These are from NW to SE: the Remscheid anticline (RA), the Udenscheid syncline (LS) and the Attendorn and Wittgenstein synclines (AS/WS). Standard and inclination-only fold tests, using parametric resampling, yield optimal statistical parameters at increasing amounts of untilting ranging from 0% in the South up to 57% in the North of the NE Rhenish Massif. Despite the variations in optimal untilting, the resulting site mean directions of component B do not differ significantly in inclination. These results are interpreted to reflect the acquisition of magnetisation during progressive northward migration of the deformation front in Late Carboniferous times. The resulting palaeolatitudes (RA: 1degreesS(-3degrees)(+2degrees); LS: 2degreesS(-2degrees)(+3degrees) AS/WS: 1degreesS(-4degrees)(+3degrees)) are in good agreement with the predicted position of the sampling area in the Late Carboniferous, as derived from a published Apparent Polar Wander Path for Baltica and Laurentia. The unblocking temperature spectra and the synfolding nature of B yield strong evidence that chemical processes, possibly driven by fluid migration during orogenesis, caused this remagnetisation. A third component C was observed in zones of tight folding with steeply dipping to overturned bedding planes and is. dominantly carried by hematite. The resulting palaeolatitude (27degreesN(-8degrees)(+10degrees)) suggest a Late Triassic to Early Jurassic age of component C, which is interpreted to be caused by either hematite-bearing post-Variscan mineralisation or oxidising fluids percolating from the weathering surface and penetrating zones of enhanced permeability in the Mesozoic.
  author = {A. Zwing and V. Bachtadse and H. C. Soffel},
  journal = {Physics and Chemistry of the Earth},
  number = {25-31},
  pages = {1179-1188},
  title = {{Late Carboniferous remagnetisation of Palaeozoic rocks in the NE Rhenish Massif, Germany}},
  volume = {27},
  year = {2002},
  language = {en},
%0 Journal Article
%A Zwing, A.
%A Bachtadse, V.
%A Soffel, H. C.
%D 2002
%N 25-31
%V 27
%J Physics and Chemistry of the Earth
%P 1179-1188
%T Late Carboniferous remagnetisation of Palaeozoic rocks in the NE Rhenish Massif, Germany
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