Diese Seite ist aus Gründen der Barrierefreiheit optimiert für aktuelle Browser. Sollten Sie einen älteren Browser verwenden, kann es zu Einschränkungen der Darstellung und Benutzbarkeit der Website kommen!
Geophysics Homepage
Search:
Log in
print

Fault growth at a nascent slow-spreading ridge: 2005 Dabbahu rifting episode, Afar

Rowland, J. V., E. Baker, C. J. Ebinger, D. Keir, T. Kidane, J. Biggs, N. Hayward, and T. J. Wright (2007), Fault growth at a nascent slow-spreading ridge: 2005 Dabbahu rifting episode, Afar, Geophys. J. Int., 171(3), 1226-1246, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03584.x.

Abstract
We present a preliminary account of the near-field surface strain associated with a major magmatic rifting episode at a nascent slow spreading ridge in the Afar depression. Between 2005 September 14 and October 4, a volcanic eruption and 163 earthquakes (mb > 3.9), including seismic tremor, occurred within the ?60-km-long Dabbahu magmatic segment. Results of the early response team demonstrated that ground deformation, derived from satellite radar data (InSAR), together with seismicity, is consistent with dyke-induced deformation along the entire length of the segment. We document the distribution of brittle strain associated with the early part of this rifting cycle to verify the predicted pattern of deformation and constrain a conceptual model for normal fault growth in Afar, with general application to other slow spreading divergent margins. Our field investigations concentrate on the northern half of the segment, which ruptured through to the surface over a length of >30 km and a width of ?5 km, consistent with the pattern of microseismicity recorded using a network deployed ?1 month after the initial onset of the rifting episode on September 14. Severe ground shaking during the event was more widespread; fresh rock fall is common across the entire magmatic segment, particularly at the intersections between faults. Recent ground breaks, in the form of reactivated or newly initiated normal faults and fissures, opened with horizontal displacements up to 3 m and vertical displacements locally up to 5 m, but commonly ?2 m. These structures are generally subvertical and open along pre-existing cooling joints. Fault offset is greater than expected given the magnitude of earthquakes during the episode. The axial relief that developed consequent on fault and fissure initiation and reactivation during the 2005 Dabbahu episode is consistent with that of the entire magmatic segment. We therefore suggest that melt delivery is sufficiently frequent that favourable stress conditions for faulting are primarily achieved during dyke events.
BibTeX
@article{id1582,
  author = {J. V. Rowland and E. Baker and C. J. Ebinger and D. Keir and T. Kidane and J. Biggs and N. Hayward and T. J. Wright},
  journal = {Geophys. J. Int.},
  number = {3},
  pages = {1226-1246},
  title = {{Fault growth at a nascent slow-spreading ridge: 2005 Dabbahu rifting episode, Afar}},
  volume = {171},
  year = {2007},
  doi = {10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03584.x},
}
EndNote
%0 Journal Article
%A Rowland, J. V.
%A Baker, E.
%A Ebinger, C. J.
%A Keir, D.
%A Kidane, T.
%A Biggs, J.
%A Hayward, N.
%A Wright, T. J.
%D 2007
%N 3
%V 171
%J Geophys. J. Int.
%P 1226-1246
%T Fault growth at a nascent slow-spreading ridge: 2005 Dabbahu rifting episode, Afar
ImprintPrivacy PolicyContact
Printed 02. Apr 2020 20:55